NAB 2016 Rewind - Graham Johnson: Advanced Scientific Visualization with C4D

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Graham Johnson of Vessel Studios demonstrates the many ways molecular data can be visualized in Cinema 4D with the help of the Embeddded Python Molecular Viewer (ePMV).

Graham Johnson of the Allen Institute for Cell Science, UCSF, and Vessel Studios demonstrates the many ways molecular data can be visualized in Cinema 4D with the help of the Embedded Python Molecular Viewer (ePMV). Graham shows how molecular dynamics can be achieved, and how DNA can be visualized. Using ePMV’s live connection to the Protien Data Bank, Graham loads the molecular structure for the Zika virus, and shows how Cinema 4D’s sculpting tools can be used to create a low-poly representation of the virus. Finally, Graham simulates a walking molecule using Cinema 4D’s Character Object and Cmotion tool.

10:21ePMV Overview
16:29Molecular Dynamics in ePMV
19:34Constructing DNA with ePMV
23:16Visualize the Zika Virus
31:23Walking Molecule using Cmotion

Recorded Live from NAB 2016 in Las Vegas.

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Transcript

- [presenter] Well, all right, without further ado, we've got Graham Johnson. - [Graham Johnson] So I'm also a medical illustrator. If any of you saw Thomas' talk previously, we work together. I am the scientific director of The Vessel Team. And I'm going to describe a little bit about our unusual background. Hi Anne. Where I went to school to get a Master's Degree in medical illustration, and these are images from my work at Johns Hopkins back in the mid '90s. At that time, we were still using traditional media. So these are mixed media representations of surgical illustrations, where we actually got to go into the surgical operating room to sketch over a period of months to create these teaching pieces for residents to learn how to do these particular surgeries. During my thesis, I got into 3D by reading lots of books, and I built a plastic frog dissection kit so I had early exposure to 3D printing, which was a lot of fun. And I started using one of the first desktop consumer level packages available on a Mac called Strata StudioPro. It's a beautiful program, very elegant, but as it started to add functionality it became less and less stable in the late '90s. So I switched to Cinema 4D around 1999. It was incredibly easy to use and to switch too and very stable. And those were all key things in my workflow. Since that time, I've gone back to get a PhD in biophysics, and my main project was to build packing software that enables us to take a lot of small objects and pack them into volumes while obeying particular constraints. And the main reason for doing that biologically was to take this to an extreme where we could do things like model complex viruses like the human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, shown on the right. By combining structures of molecues, the larger surfaces that, those molecules fit into with information from biochemistry and biophysics to generate these complex models on the right. And another reason I like to show this is because I've used Cinema 4D not just for illustration, animation, teaching, etc., but also as a direct data visualization tool to confirm, validate and do some analysis on our models. I have primarily used it as a teaching tool. So these are some of the early pieces I did back in the early '90s up here showing a molecule that pumps these little yellow hydrogen cubes into the inside surface of this otherwise impenetrable gray barrier here. And I've done a few animations of proteins walking along surfaces carrying huge cargos. And they're pretty fascinating because, sorry I've got to turn the sound off here, because these proteins behave with very mechanical like systems. So character animation tools available in Cinema 4D really lend themselves to generating these types of animations. But because you also have access to powerful simulation tools, both physics simulators as well as Python scripting, you can generate scientifically accurate visualizations. And then a lot of what we do is editorial art. So these are generated using a tool we developed called the embedded Python Molecular Viewer that's primarily what I'm going to demonstrate today. This was developed by a friend of mine, Ludovic Autin, when I was in graduate school. And it collects data from available databases of what these structures actually look like, brings them directly into Cinema 4D so you can manipulate them using the tools of Cinema 4D. Again, we use the Cinema 4D for data visualization because when you have features like global illumination, ambient occlusion you can make much more sense out of the relationship of this little pink, pie-shaped molecule to this little blue guy than you can if you don't have those nice lighting effects. So it really enables communication as well as data visualization. And then of course I've used it in many cases just for illustrating covers to try and engage audiences to get excited about these topics. So this is showing a bit of DNA, much more recognizable molecule than the other lumpy shapes that I've been showing. And another thing exciting about Cinema 4D that I'll demonstrate, how we can apply this again is the robust physics that have been available since version 12 several years ago. So a lot of us, when we got version 12, just wanted to drop things. This was MoDynamics, the predecessor to Dynamics itself. And that's dropping 4,800 of these very complex shapes, concave hulls onto a table while they're interacting with one another all rendered on a simple MacBook Air 2011. Again, what we're going to specialize in today is demonstrating this tool that we built as a Python adapter to underlying scientific software that connects Cinema 4D to real scientific engines, so that we can get accurate data into our system to be able to tell the story more efficiently, and more effectively and more accurately. I'm going to show you how to build proteins like the ones I'm blowing up here and how to do some of these various techniques to them. I'm going to show you how to build things like DNA quickly and efficently and get all these different stylized representations. I'm going to show you how to build a virus. In this case, we're looking at a polio virus, but today we're going to build a Zika virus. It's a little more topical. And then we'll finish up by showing you how to use the character animation technologies to build a rig. And quickly and easily to be able to model a protein walking like this. So when I did this animation back in 1999 and 2000 this entire thing was key-framed. Every little time that blue foot bounces there's a key. Every time it wiggles or rotates there's a key. So when I'm working with my content experts, the other scientists on this project, and they want a little modification I'd have to manipulate thousands of keys to be able to get it to do what I want to do. So today I'll show you how to whip that up in a matter of roughly half an hour to get it approximately to what we're looking at there, using some of the new tools that are available. So in order to orient everybody a little bit better to the weird world we're about to enter of molecules and cells, I want to use this powers of 10 zoom. So we can see these types of things as we zoom into our thumb using our eye, using magnifying glasses. We can use high school caliber light microscopes to see tissues, and then we zoom in another power we can see cells. Then to see inside of cells, we're really hitting the limits of what light microscopes can see, although there are new techniques that enable that. Then we need electron microscopes, and then we need things like particle accelerators and synchrotrons to be able to see the positions of individual atoms relative to one another. So I'm going to step out into Cinema 4D and we're going to do another powers of 10 zoom. This is just one of the default female structures inside of Cinema 4D that's available. And she is wearing on her hand a 1 decimeter cube, that's a 10 centimeter cube. We're going to fly in a little bit closer to a centimeter, a millimeter, 10th of a millimeter, 10th of a 10th of a millimeter, and at this stage we can see individual cells. We got a red blood cell modeled here at roughly 10 microns across. And this tiny little dot that I have showing here, this little white dot, I hope you can even see that on your screen. That is the size of the Zika virus we're going to construct. So you can fit many Zika viruses inside of that cell, even though they don't go in that particular cell, and DNA packs inside of the Zika virus in an incredible way. So the atoms are so much smaller than even the cell, and the virus and the DNA and we'll explain that as we work through this. So the last thing I want to do here is show you, before we get to the hard-core molecules, we'll show you some glitzy molecules created by my colleagues at Vessel. So these are beautiful renderings by Thomas, our previous speaker, and Calvin who he works with. Here we're looking at a cell. Here we're looking at DNA inside of a cell. This protein is about to clip that DNA in half. The protein is the blue thing, the purple stuff is the DNA. This is the surface of HIV using that system that I developed in my PhD to model that. That's the top of a cell. These are a bunch of cells stuck together. We're looking at all their surfaces. Here's a little abstract composition. Now Thomas is pushing a camera through the inside of the cell to see all of the components that make up the cell. There are a lot of structures in the cell. This is endoplasmic reticulum inside. Red blood cells flying through a vessel a very common medical animation to locate yourself in the body. These are bacteria stuck to the walls. Heart valve pumping red blood cells, a lipid bilayer with some chemicals being pushed through one of the proteins in the surface of the bilayer. That's a hip replacement, not cellular or molecular. And some more views deep inside of the blood vessels looking at red blood vessels. These are chromosomes. And that's the conclusion. So let's hop in and start playing with this tool I described to you, the embedded Python Molecular Viewer. So it is a Python plug-in and I can access it through the plug-ins here. But we've got so many plug-ins loaded for the demonstration purposes here. I want to make that more accessible so I'm going to hit "Shift C, ePMV," and then I can drag this out to create a button so that I can open my plug-in without having to do that every time. It's a nice quick way of customizing your interface. When I click to load this, you see our interface floating in this window and it's got a bunch of buttons and options that we'll walk through. And we tried to make this as quick and intuitive for people who are not necessarily, have a degree in chemistry or biology by using names that make a little bit more sense to general audiences. So the first thing I'm going to do is click "Fetch" and you notice something loads, and I'd like to hop out really quickly to explain what that something is. So in this first button, you see this text, "1crn." I clicked "Fetch" and it choose to go to the Protein Data Bank here. I'm going to show you what that means, hopping out to the internet. The Protein Data Bank is a publicly accessible database of the tens of thousands of structures that scientists have figured out the atomic positions of over the last several decades. There are several ways to search it. So for example, we could look up Zika and we can find the structures of the Zika virus that we're going to construct later. I can click on that and, from within here, I can see this thing in three dimensions or I can load it directly into Cinema 4D. So the one that we looked at just now, 1crn, is a protein called crambin. And if we look at what this data format is actually constructed of, it boils down to a bunch of positions, X, Y, and Z positions for different atoms, nitrogen, alpha-carbon, carbon, oxygen, etc. Let's get back into Cinema 4D. So now, I can click atoms and I can see all of the individual atoms that that protein is made up of. I can build a surface model to cover the protein. I can build a much coarser surface model. So if you're going to have a lot of these proteins in your scene you don't want them to be too lumpy and complicated, because then you're scene just looks like a scribble. So it's more appropriate to show a simplified version of the protein. And we've got all these interactive parameters and what's going on is my interface has an adapter that Ludovic built, which is communicating with a hard-core, scientific molecular viewer software package down underneath, running on the computer. It's getting geometry from that and it's rebuilding it into our Cinema 4D interface right here so that we can manipulate those objects. So next, I'm going to show you the hierarchy and how you can customize different objects inside of here. So if I turn our atoms back on, turn our surface off so we can see what's going on. We take advantage of Cinema 4D and the tools that it has available to rig these in sensible ways for customization and animation. So for example, if I wanted to replace my atoms with a unique structure, I'm going to do something very simple here and just swap a cube in instead of having spheres represent my atoms. So I could go into the content browser, and I could grab the animated Tyrannosaurus rex, and I could drop that in instead of the cube and now all my atoms could be little animated Tyrannosaurus rexes. They could be exploding particle systems. They could be whatever you want them to be to uniquely describe that structure. Let me swap that back out. And then of course we have all the nice, efficient physics that are available to Cinema 4D. So if I drop a simulation tag, rigid body tag in this case, onto the object. I'll build a floor to drop our protein onto. I'll put a collider body onto that floor and when I push "Play" nothing's going to happen. It's going to fall right through because I need to tell this simulation tag to carry through to the children. So we can drop the object itself. I still have my ribbons turned on, I'll turn those off just so they're not confusing. Or we can apply this to all the children and do something a little more exciting like make the atoms explode. So just with this simple hierarchy we can do things, we can manipulate things. We still have a connection to the data, so I can change the coloring system used to represent these atoms from one that colors each element individually to one that colors the amino acids, which is a meaningful thing in the chemical make-up of this structure. And it still respects it because we've been using this instancing technology to be able to map these colors onto the atoms. So let's take this a step further and add some real dynamics to a slightly different system. I'll keep my crossed that this slightly more complicated setup works. This time I'm going to load a molecule, zoom in on it so you can see it. And I'm going to load a data set for that molecule, which is a molecular dynamics simulation that was calculated on a supercomputer. I'll try to connect that up to the viewport. So I'm able to see all 7,000 steps of this molecular dynamics simulation. Let me put on a brighter tag on this so you can see it a little bit better. Brighter texture. And I can use Cinema 4D to emulate that, or I can go back to my other setup here. We'll get rid of this rigid body tag and I can just use the random generator to make those atoms walk around. So I'm going to put a random effector as a child of all of my atoms on the same level as all of those atoms. I need to turn off render instances otherwise they'll stay locked in. And I'll set random to turbulence, synchronized and indexed on. And when I push "Play" again nothing's going to happen but when I change my parameter from regular space to object mode, the atoms start flying around and we need to control that a little bit. I'm going to switch to the parameter settings and just knock these down to two by two by two. That turbulence noise space that these are marching through is a little too large, so we can emulate a very crude molecular dynamics simulation that's good enough for say educational audiences, especially when your molecule is this far away. We can put vibration tags on it to give it what's called Brownian motion, which is Brownian dynamics, which is the natural bouncing motion that these molecules go through, because they're constantly being collided by water, and water at this scale is the same size. So again, these are atoms. Many of these are oxygen atoms. Water is made up of one oxygen with two hydrogens like Mickey Mouse ears on it. So water at this scale is a very similar size to the protein that's floating in the water. So let's try one more thing, to construct DNA quickly and easily. So we built an extension into ePMV. Again, it's a Python module and it's connected out to several other Python modules. And in this case, this extension is going to reach out to a web server that's going to allow us to type in our own sequence of the four magic letters that make up DNA. It's going to go out to that server, it's going to send back a structure and allow ePMV to build a representation into the view for us. So I'll just call this mydna.pdb, because it's going to send back a PDB file. Type in AATTCCGGATGCC, whatever. I'll replicate that a couple times so we get a slightly longer strand of DNA. And I'm going to set it to generic, click "Build" and cross our fingers. And we can zoom in on this. So it's built of a proper strand of DNA and it's built it with the actual sequence, the specific sequence that we typed in, if you need that level of accuracy. This still has all of the same features available to it, so we can see all of the atoms that are made up by that DNA. Let's try to color it. We can color it by the bases that were made up of that DNA. And now let's make a slightly prettier surface representation. If we wanted to make a long strand of this again we've got too many little lumps, too many highlights and shadows if we were to try and render a long strand of that. So a nice representation is the surface representation. Let me turn the atoms off and I'll make a default molecular surface over it. But when we render this, we can do a little bit better. So we can isolate the two strands of it. And a nice feature of ePMV again is that it has a direct connection to Python, which in this case allowed us to add a custom Python script that you can write in here to manipulate the data. But it also allows you to load existing Python scripts. And I'm going to load one here called surface-per-chain. And I can adjust some of the settings here. I'm going to crank this to 0.15, because after some trial and error, I find that one looks really beautiful. We'll just click execute. Turn off this original one. And then back in our hierarchy it's generated several different types of structures. I'll turn them off one by one so you can see what's going on a little bit better. So now, we have two different strands, one for each piece of DNA. If I put a unique color onto each one of those, it's a little bit easier to appreciate what's going on. I should slow down a little bit and drop these on specific locations so that'll speed up some of our actions later. I'm going to delete these default colors that are on here. So we can build two strands and we can even open up a for-loop in here that let's us build individual objects for each one of the bases. And there's all sorts of other ways we can customize that, but let's move forward this time and build that Zika virus I promised. To do this I need to turn off a couple of options in Cinema 4D to get the molecule to position itself in the proper place. I'll click "Apply" and "Close." And I know from looking, when we did our test before that, the Zika virus structure is called 5IRE. And I will click "Fetch." So looks like it's loading. And this is a relatively large structure so it's asking the Python engine down below to construct this large ribbon model of one of the structures. And if you recall, back at the Protein Data Bank, the structure itself looks much more like a sphere, a soccer ball. So what we've got right now is just one of these stripy color combinations and we need to repeat that 60 times to generate that sphere. In Cinema 4D, we're going to use a tool to do that in a relatively efficient manner, which is called the Biological Unit. So when I paste that in, we get the entire virus constructed, and again, it still has a live connection to the data here. So if I turn off the ribbons and instead turn on one of these blobbier surface models. Let's fatten these up a little bit. We can see the individual components. They're currently colored by atom. We can choose to color them by chain. And the default colors in the underlying software are going to be a little alarming when I render this, but we can go in and fix that. So let's use our surface-per-chain option again. I'm going to turn off the more expensive calculation of the molecular surface and I'm going to fatten up the coarse molecular surface by manipulating a couple of the variables again. You can study these interactively with the viewer up above up here, and then you can replicate those down into the Python script to repeat them. I'll click "Execute," and then I need to just clean up what I've done here, which is to turn off a little bit of the data of the whole model. So now, we've got individual components for each one of the major structures of the virus, and we can just use our traditional tools of Cinema 4D to customize that. Let's just make a couple of color changes, keep this one white. I'm just going to use some primary colors here so it's relatively easy to see what's going on. And we'll do just one or two more. Then I'll drop these onto the objects themselves, because in Cinema 4D the child always overrides the parent. I need to turn off some of these underlying values, and then I can drop our custom textures on to the other objects. So we get our own unique color coding. Three of these are still using their original colors, which is a little bit confusing. And then of course these are just individual objects, so you can grab a bunch of them, manipulate them, take a look inside of your virus and construct your DNA deep inside of there. I should use the rolling instead of trying to slide with my slippery hand to the right. Okay. So that quick and easy, you can get a very hot topic, which is a virus that's just come out and had been a big threat, and generate it accurately and easily. And you can also customize this, because again, we've got this hierarchical setup of these repeated objects that are repeated just like panels on a soccer ball of the hexagons and pentagons to generate the soccer ball. These little proteins are generated from a smaller strand of DNA that can just make many, many copies of them so they can efficiently build lots of those from a relatively small DNA genome or RNA genome that's packed inside of here. So we can take advantage of that to customize our virus. For example, we can go and find one of the core objects. I think the easiest way to do this will be to hide our major objects. I'm going to make a cube really quickly. I'm going to go to four-panel view, and this is something I just love about Cinema 4D, which is not available inside of the types of software that are designed to manipulate molecules directly. Just this CAD feature of being able to see multiple panels and views and to see your entire scene and all of the components inside of that scene at one time. So that I can easily generate a base model for a customized component of my Zika virus using these four views. So now, if I go into and turn back on our view and drop this in as the base, we've got all of our cubes being replicated throughout and then of course we can manipulate our cube. What is my long axis there? That's the Y-axis. We'll give it three. I'm going to hide the majority of these again. Go into the sculpting interface. Hit "C," subdivide the object a handful of times. And I can build quickly and easily a relatively efficient model using the real data as a starting point underneath. So this can make for much more efficient rigging of the object, and then we'll just go back to the default scene here and turn back on our automatically replicated versions of that object. And we've got a customed version of the components that make that up. So you can do that quickly and easily to build a much more efficient virus, especially if you have to animate hundreds of these in your scene, because the default geometry that the molecular viewer that's lying underneath generates is relatively heavy weight. So you can either decimate that or build your own thing from scratch like this. So the last thing I want to show you is that walking molecule. And let's go back and take a little look at it again. Hopefully this will open up. So again, I've generated this first version over the winter between 1999 and 2000 using, I think it was R5 at the time. And almost every step of this was key-framed. It used a technology called "Bones" which later became "Joints." And all that did was sort of help me keep the thing together and keep it tethered, but every little pulse, every little rotation of this blue thing has a key-frame associated it. There's thousands of key-frames just to generate, sorry about that player button, just to generate this relatively simple looking walk. So what I want to do right now is show you how to manipulate one of the walk cycles that are available inside of Cinema 4D to be able to generate this relatively quickly and easily. So let's take note of this creature as I slide it back and forth a little bit faster. It has most of the components of a bipedal walk of a human character. The blue things are like feet. This connection is like an ankle and the hips are back here, where the legs connect to it, and it has these big, tall steps that go up and over and out and around. So we want to replicate that. And I'm going to open up a starting point, which has the model using the software that I've already demonstrated, shown in the background. And we're just going to build a character rig directly in front of that. So let's do that as quickly as possible. Go under the character menu, add a character, click "Root," click "Backbone" build one of the legs. You got to go back up to spine and build the other leg. And then if I go to the animate tab I click "Add Walk," click "Play." And that quickly and easily I've got the basis for a walking human model or a humanoid type model and we need to manipulate that to fit our data. But if I turn this one on you can see that the ankles need to be matched up to these ankles, which are much further apart. The stride needs to be lengthened, the hips need to be moved down to where the hips of the molecule are, and we're going to walk through that right now. Pardon me while I look at my notes a little bit, because I don't want to get stuck in a hole. But I will add I learned how to do this from watching about 60 minutes worth of tutorials. So I'm a pretty comfortable Cinema 4D user but I had never used the character rig before. So that's one my favorite things about this software is just how quickly, and easily and intuitive the interface is compared to a lot of other things I've experienced. So let's start manipulating this. We're going to select the "Character Tag," go to the "Adjust Mode" and select one of the knees. I need to move that knee down and it helps if I know what the absolute coordinates are because I sort of know what the molecular coordinates are for my object. And sorry, one thing I need to do is actually scale this guy up first to make him a little bit closer to the size of our molecule. Okay. Then I can select my knee and just using the move tool...Now if I grab this and move it, you can see it's going to move the entire foot with it, because the foot is the child of the knee, so that's the natural setup that you would expect. But if I hold down the number seven key while I move that object, I can move only the parent without dragging the children along with them. So we'll set that about there and then I'll do the same thing to the hips. Set them there, about 62. You're probably thinking that doesn't match the hips but we're going to get there in a minute through some more complicated manipulations. So next, if we go back to the animate tab, we can push "Play" to see how we're doing. We're getting a little bit closer to the effect that we want with the object. And the next thing we need to do is lengthen the stride. So if I were to change this, instead of walking on a static path, I can actually make him walk on a line. If you recall in that original animation, the blue feet need to step from here all the way over two steps to the next green guy. So they only touch the intersections of the white and the green ones. This guy's stride is way too short. I happen to know from the molecular measurements, but you could do it from trial and error, that stride is about 160 because each one of these blobs is 80 units wide. So now, he's doing a pretty good job of reaching the green components, but if we go back again and look at our animation, I'm sorry I quit out of it. It needs again to reach over the top as opposed to shuffling along the way our guy currently is. So we need these big swinging motions to be incorporated. And to do that we're going to dig down and we're going to manipulate some of these curves down here. So first thing I need to do is let's keep our walk just constantly going so we can see how it gets changed and let's slow it down a little bit. So one of the problems we're experiencing right now is that it's shuffling and the ankles are reaching and we need to fix that. So we need to get these swinging oversteps. So if we go under the torso_con object and select this "Lift (P.Y)," and this will be a little bit easier if you guys can see it constantly in the same place. What's interesting is in these graphs we're actually seeing the action of the object itself. So if you watch this little green line as it moves to the right, the graph gets higher and that means that the position of the torso, it's on the Y-axis, is also getting higher. So if you can get that into your head, what that relationship is, then you can manipulate this graph to get the effect that you want. So in our case, we're simply going to turn off this bobbing motion of the torso because in our molecule, the hips don't swing up and down they stay relatively the same compared to the molecule itself. So I'm just going to set this value to 34 and I'm going to grab each one of these and move them down to 0. And that should lock our hips out so they don't swing up and down. Let me fix this. I think my values are a little different than they should be. Okay. And now we're going to manipulate the feet in a similar manner. So we'll keep this playing. I want to get the right foot to swing up and over. I'm going to select its Lift (P.Y) option and set this to about 50. So now, that is the left foot, the red one, and it swings up and over. And I want to get it to be a little bit more rounded off so it has a circular arch, and I can do that by just manipulating the points on the curve to create a circular arch on the curve so that it flies over the top. Thank you. We'll do the same to the other foot, give this one a little variation and put it at 60, and again give it a more circular arch to the foot. So then this will make a bit more sense if we go back to walk the line. We can see it's getting that motion to reach up and over to stay on to the green molecules that it's supposed to walk along. But if we look in three dimensions, it's sort of just passing right through itself. The feet are colliding right through the knees, and as you recall it actually swings out a bit. I just love this about the character rig. They keep it relatively simple but they give you the option to add increasing numbers of parameters. So let's get the red one to swing out to the side. I can select it. I can select "Shift (PX)" so the side direction is the X direction. I can say add, it'll add a Shift (PX) parameter down there, and we'll crank this to about 40. And you're going to see a pretty bizarre action right now where it's reaching way across and then sliding back under, and then swinging out and over. And we need to change that and again, if you can see the shape of this graph over here on the right, we need a simpler graph that matches our other graph, and we can do that by copying and pasting entire graphs from one to the other. So now, when I push play, the foot locks in, it swings out at a nice arch just like we wanted it to and I could do the same one to the blue. But to speed things up, now let's show you how you can tether your molecule to this. I'm just going to reach in and grab one of these molecules out of the background here. We'll get the kinesin-2 guy. We'll make an instance of it. And I need to just make this a child of the foot, and I'm going to do a couple quick manipulations to zero some things out here so that I can get a pivot point that's going to be useful to us later if we were to push this thing a bit further to get some vibrations onto it. Pop that out. So all I'm doing right now is making a null object that's going to be a pivot point and then putting the kinesin up there. So let's just call this kinesin pivot. And now I'm going to expose the sort of underbelly of the character animation tool which is...This looks incredibly simple, right? We've got a spine, which is that backbone of the character we can see, and we've got two legs sticking out of it. But we can see in our view, there's actually ankles, and knees, and toes and everything. So let's go and take a look at those. And if I go to display mode, open up managers and go from just components to see the full hirarchy, I can see all of the code. I can see all of the hierarchical relationships. I can see all of the different joints. I can see all of the Xpresso tags that are being used to carry on the relationships from one joint to the other. We don't need to know any of that. We just need to find out where that foot is and we need to stick our molecule under it as a child of it. So I believe it's going to be the left foot. Take a peak at my notes right here. I don't need my notes. We'll just fix it if doesn't work. We'll grab this and we'll just drag it down to become a child of that left leg, and then I need to pull all this other stuff back up above it or it breaks some of the important scripting relationships inside of here. So if everything goes well now I click "Play," the blue guy will move with our foot and we're 90% of the way there. So the last thing I want to show you is that we can get that sophisticated motion of the yellow neck linker. I'll show you back on the movie, which is that needs to follow the object itself. That needs to stick to the hips. So wherever the hips go I want that neck linker to stay tethered to. And the ankle follows the foot every time. Let's go back to zero so we get into a comfortable space here. Let's zoom in a little bit on this guy, and let's just build our own rig and make it part of the default rig that we used for the character animation. So I'm going to go grab the joint tool. I'm going to hold down my control key on the Mac. I'm going to click out one, two... Why didn't that work? Character, joint tool. One last try. One, two, three, four, five. Sorry, my joints are white and they're a little bit hard to see on the yellow, but let's see if this helps. Time. Okay, thank you. We'll wrap this up shortly. So you can see the joints that I just built inside of there? And if I select all the joints, actually we need to break up our mesh here. Remember I made an instance of the underlying mesh, I'm going to select it, hit the "C key," which is going to expose the mesh itself. I'm going to select that "Red Chain," shift, select "All the Joints" control select the "Red Chain." I'll go to character, commands, bind. And that's going to associate the joints with the mesh, and then I'll just select the first joint here and say character, commands, create IK chain, which will create a goal and hopefully I did that right. So it locks in my ankle where I want it. The goal is being controlled nicely. Again, I'm going to use the hierarchy that was already built by the person that provided this very nice default character animation system. I'm going to move the joints themselves down to follow the leg. So let's find our leg, let's put it in there. And if I were to push play, these are probably going to work but they're constantly going to point back where that goal is which as you can see in the top of my hierarchy is just sitting at the origin like this. So now, all we need to do is make that goal move along with the hips. Remember I wanted the red thing to always point to the hips. So let's select that. I happen to know that this pelvis object is about where our hips are and click "Play." Fail. Pelvis, oh, that's too high. I want something further down towards the base here. Somehow I lost my guy. Let's just see what happens if we grab him. Let's do cooking magic. So I had him in the right place. I did a little bit of Xpresso scripting to set vibration to increase the higher it gets away from the microtubule that it's walking along. Again, I only did the first joint here and it obviously needs a little bit of clean up. But instead of spending four weeks and thousands of key-frames, we're able to get the base animation in just a few minutes. So overall, I've just told you what medical illustration is. I've shown you some tools that we and other people have developed to enable you to gain access to data, and then what a powerful tool, a full-blown animation package Cinema 4D can be to be able to use that data to emulate the way molecules work in a relatively and quick and intuitive manner.
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